Salzburg was a significant administrative city since the Roman Age, given its strategic location as the junction between a major military road and the route connecting north and south Europe. Established at the end of the 7th century, the city was ruled by independent Catholic Prince Archbishops vested with political power up to the early 19th century. Wealth and affluence can be traced to centuries of trading with salt. This “white gold,” also gave the city its name. The proceeds from the salt trade allowed Salzburg’s rulers to build a city whose grandiosity earned it the name “Rome of the North”. Discover Salzburg–Stage of the World.
Naturally then, a walk through the city lets visitors breathe history; UNESCO has listed Salzburg’s historic city center as a World Heritage Site especially worthy of protection.
Discover Salzburg like a local.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born in Getreidegasse 9 on January 27, 1756. Today, his birthplace houses a permanent exhibition and is one of the most photographed museums in the world. Over 350 of his most beautiful pieces were written here, laying the cornerstone for an illustrious career that spawned a new chapter in classical music.
In 1890 Salzburg’s master confectioner, Paul Fürst, invented a praline he called the Mozartkugel in memory of the composer. The praline’s novel features were its round shape and technically difficult concentric composition: green pistachio marzipan surrounded by a layer of nougat, and dipped into dark melted chocolate. Though industrial production started in the early 20th century, the “Original Salzburger Mozartkugel” is still produced by hand to this day without artificial ingredients or preservatives, and are available exclusively at Fürst confectionary in Salzburg.
Max Reinhardt, famed 20th century theater director once said, “The atmosphere in Salzburg is pervaded by beauty, theater and art …”. Such was his affection for the city that he founded the inaugural Salzburg Festival in 1920 with the city’s best artists. Jedermann (Everyman) the very first play performed at the Festival, has since been an integral part of Europe’s most prominent music festival. A few decades later, the revered conductor Herbert von Karajan—also born in Salzburg – founded the Easter Festival in 1967 and the Whitsun Festival in 1973, whose high standard of performance is appreciated by thousands of art and music-lovers every year.
One of the top draws of Salzburg is its Hollywood legacy thanks to The Sound of Music, which was shot in the city. The Academy Award winning film has been enormously popular since its premiere in 1965. The locations from the iconic film can still be visited today. A musical based on the film is also showcased at the Salzburg Marionette Theater and at the Salzburg State Theater, for visitors to relive the experience of watching the powerful story unfold on stage.
The 11th century Hohensalzburg Fortress is one of the largest fortifications in Europe, towering high over the city on the Festungsberg. Offering interesting insights into the history of the impressive fortification, the medieval castle and modern fortress also afford visitors magnificent 360° panoramic views of the city and the surrounding mountains. In addition to the elegant state rooms and the “Reckturm” (Rack Tower), visitors are also drawn to the evening concerts at the fortress. The famous Getreidegasse is one of the most charming shopping streets in the world as is St. Peter’s Monastery District home to the city’s loveliest cemetery.
The architecture of the Museum of Modern Art on the Mönchsberg is an attractive contrast to the historic Old City. Themed exhibitions displaying art from the 20th and 21st centuries are presented on four floors. The view from the terrace of the m32 restaurant – whose interior design was created by star architect Matteo Thun – is absolutely breathtaking.
Across 50 galleries, Slazburg showcases paintings, sculptures, prints and jewelry. Over 20 museums have their doors open to welcome visitors to Salzburg, including the Salzburg Museum, the Museum of Modern Art, the Natural History Museum, the Dom Quartier, the Residence Gallery, the Mozart Residence, and the Fortress Museum.
Mother Nature stretches out her arms far into the city of Salzburg; the Furtwänglerpark in the Festival District, the Mirabell Gardens, the Hellbrunn Avenue and the green meadows along the Salzach are just few of the lush green spaces woven into the city’s landscape. A bicycle ride is the best way to explore the city and its environs in a relatively short period of time while getting some exercise. Distances are short, making it easy to explore attractions outside the gates of the city like Leopoldskron Palace and pond, Aigner Park or Hellbrunn Palace on a bike. A highlight is the Untersberg in Grödig from the top of which, visitors look down on the city from an altitude of 1.776 meters! The “Untersbergbahn” cable car takes visitors up to the summit of the city’s highest mountain from St. Leonhard. Explore Salzburg for 48hrs with us!
Explore Salzburg for 48 hours with us!
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